Common Reasons Why Cats Spray
Territory: Spraying is one way cats mark their turf, especially if another cat is lurking around and leaving their own mark in your yard. Even if your cat never goes outside, theres still the possibility that they will see or smell the intruder, and then spray around a door or window in response.
Conflict: In multi-feline households, spraying can also be a way for cats to draw boundaries, establish pecking order, and settle disputes.
Change: Moving to a new place, a home remodeling project, changes in routine, or the arrival or loss of a human or pet sibling can all make a cat feel insecure and stressed. The changes dont have to be big, either. Even moving around the living room furniture can upset a more sensitive kitty. Spraying is just one way for a stressed cat to show their stress.
Mating: Both female and male cats spray although unneutered males are more likely to leave their mark as a way to let the opposite sex know theyre available . Even if your spraying cat is spayed/neutered, if the procedure was done later in life, this could be a learned behavior theyve carried over from their previous fertile days.
Behavioral Issues Could Be The Cause
Once youve ruled out any illness, determine if theres a behavioral reason why your cat isnt going in their usual spot.
You need to be a detective and take the time to figure out why the cats behavior has changed, says Sandra DeFeo, executive director of the Humane Society of New York.
According to DeFeo, not using the litter box is one of the most common reasons cats are relinquished to animal shelters. Fortunately, if you can pinpoint the reason behind your cats outside-the-litter-box behavior, you can often deter your cat from staining your carpet or bed linens.
If there is not a medical problem and the problem truly is behavioral, early intervention is key, Dr. George says. Behavioral issues can sometimes be resolved by adding additional litter boxes around the home, scooping frequently to remove waste, or by moving a litter box from one space in the home to another.
As a general rule, you should keep as many litter boxes as you have cats in the house, plus one. So, if you have two cats, you should have three litter boxes.
You can also try removing the cover of your cats litter box or changing the type of litter you use to encourage your cat to use his or her box.
What Does Spray Smell Like
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What Should I Do If My Cat Sprays Urine Indoors
The first thing you should do is contact your veterinarian. If your cat is young and has not yet been neutered then the most likely cause would be that your cat is becoming sexually mature. Neutering at this time would probably prevent the spraying from recurring and would avoid roaming, fighting and unwanted pregnancies; your vet will advise.
Caution should be taken in presuming all urine spraying has a primary behavioural motivation as diseases causing localised pain or discomfort may result in a cat adopting a spraying posture to urinate. Research indicates that up to 30% of cats that present for spraying may have an underlying medical problem, for example, cystitis, also referred to as feline lower urinary tract disease. Your vet may, therefore, recommend analysis of your cats urine or other tests to rule out disease.
Once medical causes have been ruled out your vet will refer you to a behaviour specialist.
Cat Anal Gland Anatomy
Both male and female cats have two pea-sized anal glands located around their rectal openings. From the outside, two very small holes on either side of the anal opening may be seen. If the rectal opening was the face of a clock, each anal gland would sit at about five o’clock and seven o’clock around the rectum.
These tiny, visible openings lead to the small, balloon-like anal glands that are under the skin of a cat. These glands naturally fill with a foul-smelling fluid that is naturally expressed when a cat defecates. The fluid in the glands is typically a liquid but it can thicken and become gritty, or even chunky, if it is stored for too long in the glands or there are issues with the glands.
What To Do When Your Cat Sprays
The right response to spraying can help discourage your cat from doing it again. When your cat sprays:
Treatment For Cat Anal Gland Problems
If a cat needs to have its anal glands manually expressed it is likely it has an underlying reason for why the glands aren’t naturally expressing.
Usually anal gland issues begin with inflammation which can lead to an infection. If a cat develops an infected anal gland, they will receive antibiotics and may need the glands flushed and cleaned out. But if the anal glands are impacted due to the thickening of the fluid and are unable to be emptied with manual pressure, then a veterinarian will need to sedate or anesthetize your cat in order to remove the contents of the anal glands. If the impaction is not addressed, the glands will rupture and will need to be cleaned out under anesthesia while the pain and infection are also managed. If a tumor is found then surgery will be necessary to remove it.
If no inflammation, infection, impaction, rupture, or tumors are found, your cat’s weight and diet may need to be addressed to treat the reason for the anal gland issues.
Problems With Cat Anal Glands
While most cats do not need help expressing their anal glands, occasionally these glands need a little help. Manual anal gland expression is not a pleasant job for the person doing the expression or the cat but it can be necessary if they don’t naturally drain when a cat defecates. If these glands are not expressed naturally or manually, your cat will experience discomfort, infection, and potentially even painful anal gland rupture. Several reasons exist as to why cat anal glands may not express on their own.
Why Does My Catpretend To Spray On Me
It is rare for a cat to spray on another cat or person. Cats will spray at nose level on a vertical surface of some kind.
This allows other cats to find the spray and sniff it easily, which is its purpose. Spraying on another cat or a person doesnt seem to fulfill this purpose, so why do cats do it?
You Are a Vertical Surface
You are much taller than your cat. So, your height may trigger a cats instinctual spraying reflex.
Cats will spray on tall things like trees, lamp posts, and walls. They do so without thinking about the surface because its inconsequential. All that matters is that it can spray at nose height where other cats can smell it.
Cats Spray on Other Cats When Fighting
In rare circumstances, a cat may spray on another cat when the pair are fighting. The purpose of this behavior is to display dominance. Its almost as if the cat is marking the other cat as its own territory.
This behavior is not atypical, but it is unusual. Your cat is unlikely to do this to your leg unless you make it feel very stressed or uncomfortable or unless you are fighting. Its an unlikely behavior, but it can happen.
The Reasons Behind Cat Spraying
Urine is a powerful communication tool cats can tell a great deal about each other from it including age, sex, status and sexual availability. Although adult cats of both genders, whole as well as fixed, might spray under specific circumstances, intact ones are most often guilty of the smelly behavior.
Whole males, as a rule, are prone to cat spraying behaviors. Pheromones, released into the urine, advertise theyre ready, willing and on the alert for girlfriends. Additionally, cat spraying broadcasts clear messages to other male cats to stay away. Intact female cats spray, too the chemicals in their urine indicate where they are in their cycle.
Spray from intact cats is more pungent than from those who are fixed. The unpleasant smell is easier to detect from a distance important for advertising for a special friend.
How To Stop A Neutered Cat From Spraying
If youâve found cat spray in your home, then itâs time to do something about it. The last thing you want to do is ignore it and hope your cat stops. The chances are that without the proper training, it will just get worse and more frequent. However, with the proper techniques and strategies, you can stop your cat from spraying in as little as 7 days.
Using the unique T.T.S method, you can stop your cat from spraying without any expensive or painful medical procedures. To learn more about how you can stop your cat from spraying the easy way, click the button below to find out more.
If Your Cat Peed On Unsealed Floors:
Well, thatâs a little more complicated. If your floors are not sealed, after you clean up the cat pee with cold water, scrub the stain with straight vinegar and rinse with more cold water. Blot stain with a towel until you can no longer detect moisture. Enzymatic cleaners could potentially damage your unsealed floors, so test some in a subtle location before liberally using on the stain.
If the cat pee stain and odor donât go away, you may have to bust out the sander because the urine couldâve soaked into the wood. We recommend sealing your floors, but thatâs a project for a whole ânother day.
What Does It Look Like When A Cat Sprays Urine
The classical presentation for urine spraying involves the cat backing up to a vertical surface, often after sniffing the area intensely and showing a flehmen response. The cat stands with its tail erect and quivering and raises its hindquarters. The cat may or may not tread with its hind paws while squirting a stream of urine . Some urine marking can take place on horizontal surfaces , either in a squatting posture or by standing and spraying. The spray marks can be quite hard to find, you may just be aware of the smell. Sometimes all you can see is a small trickle of brown, sticky substance on a skirting board, radiator or door. Other favoured targets for urine spraying include electrical equipment, full-length curtains, plastic bags and clothing.
Female Cat Pretending To Spray
Despite spraying being associated with male cats, female cats may also spray. Testosterone isnt only present in males . While males have significantly more testosterone than females, female cats do still have some testosterone.
An excess of testosterone in females of any species can lead to behaviors associated with males. So, if your female cat pretends to spray all the time, it may have an excess of testosterone.
A female cat may also have learned the habit of spraying from watching other cats. As discussed, cats learn social behaviors from their parents and other cats when they are young.
Besides, spraying and marking territory is important to female cats. Females also need territory to live safely and to hunt in the wild. Spraying in female cats is more common when the cat is in heat, so spraying helps with finding a mate, just as it does in male cats.
Get Your Cat Ready For Their Bath
It can help to have two people to wash your cat, and its a good idea for you both to wear rubber gloves. Gather a few old towels, cat treats, and your cat! Fill the bathtub or whatever container youll be using to wash your cat with warm water.
You might choose to wash your cat outside, in which case, make sure youre also using warm water to keep your cat as comfortable as possible.
Spraying Is Not Necessarily Bad
Although cleaning your male cats spray can be annoying, you have to understand that this behavior is natural and your pet is not doing this out of spite. If you want to minimize the possibility of your pet spraying in your home, you should strongly consider getting him neutered.
Image: istockphoto.com / raw
Why Does Cat Urine Smell So Bad And What Can I Do About It
Cat urine is not really different from other animals urine, yet many people think of cat urine as one of the hardiest smells in nature. Urine is a concentrate of metabolic waste and is comprised of urea, creatine, uric acid, various detoxified substances, sodium chloride and other electrolytes. It owes its characteristic yellow colour to urobilogen.
What gives cat urine such a bad name is the fact that the urine is usually left unnoticed until it becomes a problem. Cats have a propensity to mark their territory outside the litter box, be it on the carpet or in hidden corners.
After a while, bacteria decompose the urea and give off an ammoniacal odour characteristic of stale old urine. The second stage of the decomposition process emits mercaptans, compounds which also give skunk spray its nasty smell. Of course, other factors give each animal its distinctive smell. Older animals have kidneys that have lost some of their efficiency and as a consequence, older animals tend to have the worst smelling urine. Urine from male cats also tends to smell worse than female urine, due to the presence of certain steroids.
How can we get rid of the problem? The first challenge is to locate the urine. This is easily achieved if youve stepped barefoot into a puddle or if the urine has already stained your floor or discoloured your carpet. If you cannot spot the urine, ultraviolet light will make it glow.
The Ultimate Guide To Eliminating Cat Pee Smell
When your cat starts urinating outside the litter box, the smell can be difficult to get rid of and nearly impossible to mask.
Whether your cat pees on the carpet, a piece of furniture, bed linens, or your clothes, its important to neutralize the odor to prevent your cat from becoming a repeat offender. Cats often return to a spot where they have previously urinated if the odor is not eliminated.
Its also important to determine the cause of this behavior, which could be a sign of a health issue or stress.
Here is your ultimate guide to eliminating cat urine smells and determining why your cat is urinating outside the litter box to begin with.
How To Clean And Get Rid Of Cat Spray Smell
Cat spray looks and smells like urine, to a point. A well-hydrated kitty produces light yellow urine with its typical acidic odor. But because of pheromones in cat spray, it’s often darker yellow and smells particularly more pungent. If you haven’t actually seen your cat spray and are just following your nose, it’s likely some areas are highly concentrated. This makes cleaning more challenging.
“It’s imperative to clean immediately and completely to destroy any scent cues,” Anthony says. Using an enzymatic cleaner , she advises you to apply a volume of cleaner equal to the amount of urine, according to package directions.
If the stains are severe, you might need to call in professional services or, in extreme situations, replace soiled items entirely.
What Exactly Is Cat Spraying
Inappropriate urination, whatever the cause, can manifest with cats squatting and peeing on a bed, rug, or pile of laundry. Or in the typical spraying scenario, the cat will stand, back up against a wall, door, or piece of furniture, and spray urine on a vertical surface.
To understand this behavior and stop it, cat parents need to think like a cat, Dr. Lund says. Cats are control freaks. They like to feel in charge, she notes.
That is why stress and anxiety, which bring on insecurity, fear, and timidity, can cause your cat to spray, the doctors say. What they are doing is trying to feel more secure, Dr. Lund explains. So the important concept for cat owners to realize is that their cat doesnt think their urine smells bad. makes cats feel more content.
Why Do Female Cats Spray
Adrienne Kruzer, BS, RVT, LVT, has worked with a variety of animals for over 15 years, including birds of prey, reptiles, and small mammals.
While it is more commonly known that male cats spray, some female cats may also practice this unwanted behavior. No cat owner likes it when their cat sprays but this behavior is often displayed because a cat is trying to say something. Knowing why your female feline may be spraying and what you can do about it can help ease some stress and frustration for both you and your cat.
What Is Your Cat’s Favorite Smell
After reviewing the list of smells that attract cats the most, tell us, what the smell your cat loves the most is! We are sure that you have identified that there is a certain plant, food or object that has an attracting effect on your furry friend and whenever they identify it they quickly run towards it with enthusiasm.
Likewise, and as we have already been indicating throughout the article, not all mentioned odors are welcome for all cats, since each animal is a world and has their own tastes. In this way, it is possible that a feline adores the smell that thyme gives but rejects lavender completely. In this regard, we encourage you to check the post to explain 10 smells that cats hate.
If you want to read similar articles to 10 Smells that Attract Cats, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category.
1. Bol, S., et al. . Responsiveness of Cats to Silver Vine , Tatarian Honeysuckle , Valerian and Catnip . BMC Veterinary Research, 13.
- Goznalez Garcia, A.; Herranz Vega, M. S.; Sanchez – Fortun Herrero, a. does catnip deserve that name? Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias. 2017.ISSN: 1988-2688.
- Alabort Amundarain, S.; Pineda GonzÃ¡lez, S.; Olivares Moreno, A.; IbÃ¡Ã±ez TalegÃ³n, M. generalized anxiety and intraspecific aggression in cats. Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias. 2017 ISSN: 1988-2688.
How Do You Know If Your Boy Cat Is Spraying
It is critical to differentiate between spraying and inappropriate urination. Inappropriate elimination, including urination, is often a sign that something is wrong with your cat. Sometimes, it can be difficult to distinguish between the two. However, there are a few clues that you can look for.
For starters, spraying is usually done on horizontal vertical surfaces like walls and furniture. Although your tomcat may spray on horizontal surfaces like the floor, more often than not, he will spray on a vertical surface.
If you happen to see your pet spraying, you will notice that his back is against the surface that he is trying to mark. And if you look at his tail, he will be holding it high. Sometimes, male cats will also quiver while spraying.
Where a cat sprays also matters. Usually, a tomcat will pick a spot where other cats can smell his urine and read his message. When a cat is peeing inappropriately, he will choose a surface that has a similar texture to litter, like a carpet or recently washed towel.
If your cat has begun spraying, he will still use his litter box to handle his business. Although most cats spray with urine, there are a handful of cats that can use their poop for this purpose.
Why Cats Urinate Outside Of The Litter Box
There are a number of reasons why a cat may start peeing outside the litter box. While some owners may think that their cat does it as a way of getting even for something, cats lack the sophisticated cognitive abilities needed to concoct that type of revenge strategy.
Despite popular belief, cats do not urinate outside the box to ‘get back’ at the owner for something, said Dr. Laura George, DVM at Cats Exclusive Veterinary Center in Shoreline, Washington.
If your cats not using the litter box, its likely that he or she is trying to tell you something important.
Spraying Solution #1: Curb The Stress
If youve recently moved, it may take some time for your cat to feel comfortable in his new home. Start by providing small boundaries for him, perhaps giving him one room.
If a new person has been introduced into the family, make sure to give them and your cat plenty of time to bond.
In addition, pheromone therapy can produce wonderfully calm behavior in cats. I use in my house. It emits pheromones that mimic those of a nursing cat mother, calming your cat naturally.
For more about pheromone therapy, see this post from Dr. Liz Bales, the Cat-vocate.
Other natural and effective therapies that can be used during transitional periods include . This capsule is lactose-free and contains a naturally soothing milk protein. Its safe for both short and long-term use, so its perfect if your cat just needs to get over the hump or if the situation is long-lasting.
How Do You Punish A Cat For Spraying
Try a quick spritz at your cat if they are somewhere or doing something they shouldnt be. Its likely that after a few times, just reaching for the spray bottle deters the bad behavior. Use double-sided tape or aluminum foil: These simple things can be placed on surfaces you dont want your cat on or scratching.
Is It Only Male Cats That Spray Urine
Males and females are capable of urine spraying although the frequency is higher in males. The incidence is much higher in intact animals , suggesting it may be facilitated by sexual hormones, providing information about the sprayers presence and reproductive status. Approximately 90% of intact males and 95% of intact females show a significant decrease in spraying after castration/spaying.
Spraying Solution #3: Help Your Pets Adjust To Each Other
Often, this is just a matter of time. But dont force the issue! Remember, dont make your cats share a litter box, and make sure each box is sized appropriately for each cat.
The ideal size for a litter box can be measured from the length from your cats nose to the tip of his tail, plus another fifty percent. And most cats prefer non-hooded boxes. for my cat, Olivia.
Why Do Cats Phantomspray
The main question is why cats phantom spray rather than releasing their urine. The purpose of spraying is to mark territory and find a mate, so it would seem that phantom spraying serves no real purpose.
Your Cat Sees Other Cats Spraying
Cats learn social behaviors from each other. Kittens in a litter dont just learn to open their eyes, walk around, and navigate the world. They also learn how to interact and communicate with other cats from their mother.
For example, kittens will learn to groom themselves and each other by watching their mothers do so. They will learn how to play fight and, if possible, how to hunt prey.
According to PLoS One, spraying is normal social behavior. If a kitten sees its mother spraying, the kitten is likely to copy this behavior. The kitten may also copy the behavior of cats that spray outside your home.
As for why the kitten will learn to fake spray rather than spray urine, that remains unclear. Likely, the mother doesnt spray either.
House Cats May Not Need to Spray
Spraying is a behavior that cats need to do when living in the wild. If a cat cant mark its own territory, itll have nowhere to sleep or hunt thats safe. It will also make it difficult to find a mate.
This means that cats that phantom spray in the wild may struggle to pass on their genes or even survive. Thats why all species of cats learn to spray. According to , lions do the same thing.
Stress Makes Cats Spray