Can I Trim My Kitten’s Toenails
Kittens have very sharp toenails that can wreak havoc on cat owners and their furniture. You can trim your kittens nails with your regular fingernail clippers or with nail trimmers specifically designed for cats, but you must do so carefully. If you take too much off the nail, you will cut into the quick which will result in bleeding and pain.
Here are a few helpful pointers:
- Cats often have clear or white nails, so you can see the pink quick through the nail. This is a small pink triangle visible near the base of the nail. If you avoid this pink area, you should be safely away from the quick.
- When cutting toenails, use sharp trimmers. Dull trimmers tend to pinch or crush the nail and cause pain even if you are not in the quick. A good set of human nail trimmers are often sufficient. Many larger clippers meant for dogs do not trim cats nails well and can cause splintering of the nails.
- Have styptic powder on hand in case bleeding occurs. These products can be purchased from pet stores or your veterinarian. In an emergency, a bar of soap can be used to help stop the bleeding.
- Playing with your kittens feet and rewarding her with treats after nail trims is a good way to help encourage good behavior for future nail trims.
If you are unsure about trimming your kittens nails, ask your veterinary healthcare professionals for help. They can teach you how to make the procedure easy and painless for you and your kitten.
How Do Vaccines Work
Vaccines work by stimulating the body’s immune system to recognize and fight a particular microorganism such as a virus, bacteria, or other infectious organism. Once vaccinated, the animal’s immune system is then primed, or prepared to react to a future infection with that microorganism. In other words, the vaccine mimics a true infection so that the immune system can better protect the body in the future.
“the vaccine will help the body prevent infection or lessen the severity of infection and promote rapid recovery.”
Depending on the disease, the vaccine will help the body prevent infection or lessen the severity of infection and promote rapid recovery.
While a vaccine can prevent illness, it cannot block microorganisms from getting into the body. This means that sometimes a cat may not look sick thanks to the vaccine, but the cat can still spread the invading microorganisms to other cats. This is not a major consideration in the pet cat but may be important in the breeding colony.
Why Should I Get My Indoor Cat Vaccinated
Though you may not think your indoor cat requires vaccinations, by law cats must have certain vaccinations in many states. For example, a common law requires cats over the age of 6 months to be vaccinated against rabies. In return for the vaccinations, your veterinarian will provide you with a vaccination certificate, which should be stored in a safe place.
When considering your cats health, its always prudent to be cautious, as cats are often curious by nature. Our vets recommend core vaccinations for indoor cats to protect them against diseases they could be exposed to if they happen to escape the safety of your home.
There are two basic types of vaccinations for cats.
Core vaccinations should be given to all cats, as they are essential for protecting them against the following common but serious feline conditions:
Rabies kills many mammals every year. These vaccinations are required by law for cats in most states.
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia Typically known as the distemper shot, this combination vaccine protects against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia.
Feline herpesvirus type I
Non-core vaccinations are appropriate for some cats depending on their lifestyle. Your vet will provide advice about which non-core vaccines your cat should have. These offer protection against:
Feline immunodeficiency virus and Feline Leukemia
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Conditions That The Fvrcp Vaccine Protects Against
The FVRCP vaccine is an extremely effective way to protect your kitty against 3 highly contagious and life-threatening feline diseases, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis , Feline Calicivirus , and Feline Panleukopenia .
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis
Feline viral rhinotracheitis is believed to be responsible for up to 80-90% of all infectious upper respiratory diseases in our feline friends. This disease can affect your cat’s nose and windpipe as well as causing problems during pregnancy.
Symptoms of FVR include fever, sneezing, inflamed eyes and nose, and discharge from nose and eyes. In healthy adult cats these symptoms may be mild and begin to clear-up after about 5-10 days, however in more severe cases symptoms of FVR can last for 6 weeks or longer.
In kittens, senior cats, and immune-compromised cats symptoms of FHV-1 may persist and worsen, leading to depression, loss of appetite, severe weight loss, and sores inside of your cat’s mouth. Bacterial infections often occur in cats that are already ill with feline viral rhinotracheitis.
Even after the symptoms of FVR have cleared up the virus remains dormant in your cat’s body and can flare up repeatedly over your kitty’s lifetime.
This virus is a major cause of upper respiratory infections and oral disease in cats.
It’s important to note that there are a number of different strains of FCV, some produce fluid buildup in the lungs , and still others lead to symptoms such as fever, joint pain and lameness.
What Is The Fvrcp Cat Vaccine
Your cats vaccination reminder comes in the mail with a confusing array of letterswhat the heck is an FVRCP vaccine? My cat doesnt go outside, so why does she need it? You toss it aside as you sort through the rest of the mail, but it still nags at you.
Is this something important? Why would your veterinarian send a reminder if your kitty didnt need it?
Well, the FVRCP vaccine is an important part of your cats core vaccine protocols. Heres what you need to know about this vaccine and how it helps keep your cat protected from some serious diseases.
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What Is The Best Vaccination Schedule
Kittens surely have a course of three vaccinations, normally given 4 weeks apart:
- 6 8 Weeks First Vaccination Temporary
- 10 12 Weeks Booster Vaccination
- 14 16 Weeks Final Vaccination
Adult cats require an annual vaccination booster for life. Your vet clinic will send you a reminder a few weeks before your cat is due for their yearly booster.
Which Are The Most Important Vaccinations To Have
The answer to this difficult question depends on individual circumstances, including the area you live in and the lifestyle of your cat.
“Certain vaccines are more routinely given and are regarded as core vaccines.”
As mentioned, certain vaccines are more routinely given and are regarded as core vaccines. Others may or may not be advised, depending on the particular situation of your cat. Your veterinarian will be able to advise you of the most appropriate vaccination schedule for your cat. The following is a list of disease that affect cats:
Feline panleukopenia infection . This is an uncommon disease today because of widespread vaccination, but the risk remains widespread. When disease occurs, it is a severe and often fatal gastroenteritis , with profound depression, dehydration, and collapse . It is very contagious to other cats. Vaccination provides a high level of long lasting protection.
Feline infectious peritonitis . FIP is caused by a coronavirus. Infection with coronavirus is common, but development of FIP is less common. We do not understand why some infections lead to fatal disease whereas the majority of infections cause only minor illness . Vaccines may be advised in some high-risk situations.
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How Do I Prevent Fleas On My Kitten
No matter where you live, fleas may be a threat to your kitten and to your household. Fleas spend a short time on your kitten and then venture out into your home. Adult fleas feed on the cats blood, then hop off their host to lay eggs in the environment. Eggs hatch and the emerging larvae live and feed in your home. Larvae mature into pupae which lie dormant in your carpets, furniture, and floorboards. The pupae eventually hatch into adult fleas. The entire flea life cycle can take as little as 3-4 weeks under ideal conditions in unfavorable conditions, the cycle can take as long as a year. Therefore, it is important to kill fleas on your new kitten before they can become established in your home.
“Many of the flea control products that are safe on dogs are dangerous for kittens.”
Many of the flea control products that are safe on dogs are dangerous for kittens, so consult your veterinarian before choosing a flea control product. There are many safe oral and topical medications that control fleas, treat intestinal worms, and prevent heartworms all at the same time. These products are administered once a month, even in young kittens, and will protect both your cat and your home from fleas. Newer flea prevention products last 3-8 months. For more information on flea control, see the handout Flea Control in Cats.
What Is The Difference Between The Various Types Of Vaccine
There are three major types of vaccine:
1. Modified live vaccines. These vaccines contain live organisms that are weakened or genetically modified so that they will not produce disease but will multiply in the cat’s body. Live vaccines induce a stronger, longer lasting immunity than inactivated vaccines. It is not advisable to use modified live vaccines in pregnant queens or cats whose immune system is not working properly , or other diseases).
2. Killed vaccines. These vaccines are prepared using actual organisms or genetically modified organisms that have been killed by various treatments. On their own, they do not give as high a level of protection as the live, replicating type of vaccine, so killed vaccines may have an adjuvant to make the immune response stronger.
3. Subunit vaccines. These are more commonly called recombinant-DNA vaccines. These are vaccines in which the infectious organism has been broken apart and only certain parts are included in the vaccine.
“Some vaccines are intranasal but the majority are given by injection.”
Many vaccines come as combinations, so that protection against more than one disease is achieved in a single injection or administration. Some vaccines are intranasal , but the majority are given by injection. Your veterinarian will advise you on the most appropriate vaccines for your cat.
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What Are Ear Mites
Ear mites are tiny parasites that live in the ear canal of cats where they cause itching. The most common sign of ear mite infection is vigorous and persistent scratching of the ears or shaking of the head. Sometimes the outer ear canal will appear dirty and contain black debris.
Your veterinarian will examine the ear canal with an otoscope that magnifies the tiny mites, or will take a small sample of the black debris and examine it under a microscope. Although the mites may crawl out of the ear canals for short periods, they spend the majority of their lives within the protection of the ear canal.
Ear mites are easily transmitted between cats and dogs by direct contact. Kittens will usually become infected if their mother has ear mites. If one pet in the household has ear mites, it is advised to treat all of your pets. Successive applications of topical medication to the kittens ear or skin will eliminate ear mites .
Will My Cat Have Side Effects From The Fvrcp Vaccine
Regular vaccines are an important part of basic cat health care. Side effects are so rare they are outweighed by the tremendous health benefits your cat receives from being vaccinated. FVRCP vaccine side effects are far milder and less dangerous than the symptoms of the diseases the vaccine protects against. If side effects do occur, they are usually mild and may include swelling at the injection site, a slight fever, stomach sickness symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea, loss of appetite, lethargy or sneezing. These symptoms will typically go away within a few hours or days, and many cats dont experience side effects at all.
On very rare occasions, a cat can have an allergic reaction to a vaccine. Signs of such a reaction might include severe vomiting or diarrhea, difficulty breathing, high-grade fever and swelling or itching around the eyes and mouth. Additionally, if swelling around the injection site does not diminish after a couple of weeks or you see swelling in the area even months or years after vaccination, you should contact your vet as this could indicate a rare inflammation-related tumor.
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When Should My Kitten Receive Their First Shots
You should bring your kitten to see your vet for their first round of vaccinations when they are about six to eight weeks old. Following this, your kitten should get a series of vaccines at three-to-four week intervals until they reach approximately 16 weeks old.
Kitten Vaccination Schedule
- Review nutrition and grooming
- Blood test for feline leukemia
- Fecal exam for parasites
- Vaccinations for chlamydia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis and panleukopenia
- Examination and external check for parasites
- First feline leukemia vaccine
- Second vaccinations for calicivirus rhinotracheitis, and panleukopenia
- First feline leukemia vaccine
- Rabies vaccine
- Second feline leukemia vaccine
Heska Feline Ultranasal Fvrcp Vaccine Indications
Recommended for the vaccination of healthy, susceptible cats against feline herpesvirus-1 , feline calicivirus and feline parvovirus . Cats can be vaccinated with a single dose at 12 weeks of age. If cats are vaccinated at less than 12 weeks of age, a second vaccination should be administered at 12 – 16 weeks of age. Annual revaccination is recommended.
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What Are The Risks And Complications Of Distemper In Cats
Panleukopenia can lead to reproductive, gastrointestinal, and/or immune diseases. The symptoms listed above can be bothersome and have an adverse effect on your cats quality of life. Feline panleukopenia is incredibly contagious and potentially deadly. Therefore, it is crucial to vaccinate your cat and stay up-to-date on vaccines. Even indoor cats do need distemper shots to stay protected because the panleukopenia virus is so contagious and infections can become incredibly severe. Pet parents often ask, How often does a cat need a distemper shot? After a kitten receives their shots , a booster is recommended one year later. Boosters should continue every one to three years for the duration of your cats life. Because of the severity and incurability of feline panleukopenia virus, the cost of the distemper vaccine for cats is truly negligible in comparison to the potentially deadly disease it protects against.
How Often Should Booster Vaccinations Be Given
In the past, veterinarians recommended booster vaccinations for cats on a yearly basis. However, as we learn more about, and improve vaccines, recommendations regarding booster frequency continue to evolve. The appropriate interval for boosters will vary with individual lifestyle.
“If your cat is at higher risk for exposure to a disease, the more frequent vaccination schedule may be recommended.”
Most adult cats that received the full booster series of vaccines as kittens should be re-vaccinated every one to three years based on a lifestyle risk assessment. That is, if your cat is at higher risk for exposure to a disease, the more frequent vaccination schedule may be recommended. It is important to thoroughly discuss your cat’s lifestyle with your veterinarian and determine the appropriate vaccinations and vaccination schedule for your cat.
The AAFP vaccination guidelines recommend that low-risk adult cats be vaccinated every three years for the corevaccines, and then as determined by your veterinarian for any non-core vaccines. Some vaccine manufacturers have developed approved three-year vaccines for many of the core vaccines. It is important to note that feline leukemia virus vaccine is recommended by some AAFP members as a core vaccine, while other experts classify it as a non-core vaccine. Your veterinarian is the ultimate authority on how your cat should be vaccinated.
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Veterinary Care And Vaccinations For Kittens
Its a no-brainer, but your cat must be immunised to protect her from harmful, sometimes fatal, disease.
Before you pick up your new kitten and take it home, make sure that they have had their first vaccination. Kittens should receive they first vaccination between 6 to 8 weeks of age. This first vaccination starts to build your kittens defences against any potentially serious diseases.
P Fpv And Fp Stand For Feline Panleukopenia
Feline panleukopenia is also called feline “distemper” and feline infectious enteritis. This highly contagious viral disease is caused by a parvovirus and leads to a loss of circulating white blood cells. Signs include rapid, sudden onset of fever, lack of appetite, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea, and often death. It can infect unborn kittens and lead to death of the newborns. Nursing and supportive care are the only available treatments. Feline panleukopenia vaccine should be included in the vaccinations given to healthy cats.
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Fvrcp Vaccine For Cats
- USDA approved?Yes
- Life stage:Kitten, Adult
The development and use of vaccines for the protection of individual and group health has eradicated a variety of diseases including smallpox, measles, mumps, polio, and even rabies on certain continents.
Just like with human health, there are certain core and recommended vaccines for cats as well. One of these very important core vaccines for cats is the three-way FVRCP vaccine.
What Is The Fvrcp Vaccine
The FVRCP vaccine is a combination vaccine for cats. That means it protects cats against several different viruses.
Lets break it down into its three components and the diseases it helps prevent:
FVR stands for feline viral rhinotracheitis . This virus is responsible for 80-90 percent of all upper respiratory infections in cats. It causes lethargy, sneezing, nasal discharge, and conjunctivitis. Young kittens are most susceptible and, in severe cases, kittens can develop ulcers on their eyes and life-threatening pneumonia.
C stands for feline calicivirus. Although much less common than feline viral rhinotracheitis, it can also cause similar respiratory signs. Calicivirus, however, has the ability to create ulcers on the tongues of cats and inflammation of the joints, causing limping. Just like FVR, severe cases of calicivirus can cause life-threatening pneumonia in kittens and senior cats.
P stands for feline panleukopenia. Panleukopenia technically means a low overall white blood cell count. When this virus infects a cat, it affects the bone marrow and lining of the intestine, causing immunosuppression and severe diarrhea. Unfortunately, once a kitten or cat develops a panleukopenia infection, it is very difficult to treat, and many kittens die from this virus. Vaccination with the FVRCP is the best strategy for prevention.
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