How To Tell Cat Age By Teeth
If you just bought a meow home, You might be wondering how old is my cat? The most trusted and objective way of determining a cats age is by examining its teeth. Knowing a few anatomy facts is a good starting point.
- A kitten that is 2 to 4 weeks old will have its baby incisors coming in.
- A kitten that is 3 to 4 weeks old will have its baby canines coming in.
- A kitten that is 4 to 6 weeks old begins growing its baby premolars on the lower jaw.
- A kitten that is 8 weeks old has all of its baby teeth fully grown.
- A kitten that is 4 months old begins growing its permanent incisors.
- A kitten that is 5 to 7 months old has all of its permanent teeth fully grown.
- A cat that is 1 year old has clean and pearly white teeth. There should be no signs of plaque formation and tartar buildup.
- A cat that is 2 years old may have a dull yellow teeth discolouration.
- A cat that is 3 to 6 years old has slightly worn out teeth. There may be signs of plaque buildup and tartar formation.
- A cat that is 10 to 15 years old will have missing teeth, signs of gum disease, bad breath and moderate to severe plaque buildup on the remaining teeth.
Elderly Cats Special Considerations
30th July 2018
Cats are living much longer now than was the case 20 years ago, thanks to better nutrition, veterinary and home care. In recent years, feline ages and life-stages have been redefined, cats are considered to be elderly once they reach 11 years with senior cats defined as those aged between 11-14 years and super-senior cats 15 years and upwards. When caring for older cats it sometimes helps to appreciate their age in human terms.
The formula for calculating the equivalent age is fairly simple:
the first two years of a cats life equate to 24 human years and every year thereafter is equivalent to 4 human years. For example, a 16-year-old cat would be equivalent to an 80-year-old human.
See our information on how to tell your cats age in human years.
How Long Do Cats Live On Average
What are the facts on cats longevity? The ideal cat can or may live to 20 years and older. On average, wild, homeless, and feral cats live dramatically shorter lives than domestic cats. Outdoor cat lifespan ranges widely, anywhere from three to 10 years. Indoor cats live nearly three times as long as outdoor cats. The numbers varied widely ranging from 14 to 20 years.
According to the site icatcare.org, there are 6 life stages for cats:
- Kitten the young cat is growing rapidly and is usually not quite sexually mature
- the cat reaches full size and learns about life and how to survive it
- Prime the cat is mature physically and behaviourally, and is still usually healthy and active, looking sleek and shiny and making the best of life
- Mature the cat is what we call ‘Mature’, equivalent to humans in their mid-40s to mid-50s
Read Also: Why Does My Cat Drool When He Purrs
So How Long Is A Cat Year In Human Years
Once you know roughly how old your kitty is, you can compare her age to your own. It turns out that the ratio of cat years to human years isn’t as simple as a single conversion rate cats develop the fastest during their first two years of life and then slow down. So at the end of her first year, your cat is approximately at the same developmental stage as a human that is 10 or 15 years old, and by age two, your cat will be around 25 in human years. After that, cats tend to develop more slowly, Barrack said, aging about four or five human years every 12 months.
Putting your pets age in human terms not only helps you empathize with your cat, it also show the importance of regular veterinary checkups. A year time frame in a cats life is significant, Mears says. Things can change dramatically. If an adult cat year is equivalent to four or five human years, its easy to see how arthritis could develop, organ function could decrease and neurologic changes might develop is such a seemingly short period of time.
Whats The Average Age Of An Indoor Cat
An indoor cat will age approximately 4 human years for every one cat year, and an outdoor cat will age approximately 8 human years for every one cat year. This is an other good argument for keeping your cat indoors. When a kitten is born, it has thick, short fur. As they age, their fur becomes softer and finer.
Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Badly Matted Cat Hair
Cat Age In Human Years Conversion Table
While it is not an exact science the table below shows how cats mature at a much faster rate than humans do:
*the oldest cat who ever lived.
In the first month of your cats life they mature by the equivalent of one human year.
Over the next few months the rate at which they mature speeds up to two human years for every month of your cats life.
Once they reach the age of 6 months old the rate of maturing slows down, with cats maturing at a more leisurely rate of 4 human years to every 6 months.
The 6 months / 4 year rate continues until they are two years old .
From here on your cat will age by 4 human years for every one cat year.
A few landmark cat ages and their human equivalent include:
- 3.5 cat years = 30 human years
- 6 cat years = 40 human years
- 8.5 cat years = 50 human years
- 10 cat years = 56 human years
- 11 cat years = 60 human years
- 21 cat years = 100 human years
The average cat will live to the age of 15 years, the equivalent of 76 in human years.
The record for the oldest cat is 38 years, a massive 168 years in human years.
The average outdoor cat will live to 5.5 years, equivalent to a 38 year old human.
Caring For Your Golden Girl
You can also take some easy steps at home to improve your cat’s quality of life in her senior years:
- Choose a high-quality food made for senior cats:Youthful Vitality 7+ Cat Food, for instance, is specially formulated to support brain function, energy and vitality, healthy kidneys and bladder, healthy digestive system and luxiurious fur.
- Give her a warm place to rest: Especially if she suffers from arthritis, she’ll appreciate you moving her bed from a drafty area.
- Think easy access: Give her a litter box, water bowl, and food bowl on every floor of your house. If she seems to be having trouble climbing into the litter box, find one with lower sides or even try an old cookie sheet.
- Help her groom: Many people rarely brush their cats because they are such good self-groomers. But as your cat ages, brushing your cat serves a dual-purpose of acting as a bonding activity and keeping her coat healthy when she can no longer do it alone.
- Continue to Exercise Her: Here are some easy ways to keep your senior cat moving.
Also Check: Baking Soda Toxic To Cats
How Many Years Is A Cat Year
Cats experience life at a much more accelerated rate than people do. In comparison, a cat reaches sexual maturity at five months and can become pregnant with a litter before there is time to spay or neuter.
Likely the most use that the cat years to human years calculation can serve, is that it helps veterinarians determine which of the six life stages a cat is in, amongst them: kitten, adolescent, or senior. Other factors play an important role in determining age too, not only a cats human age.
How To Convert Cat Years To Human Years
Cats are much older than they look. The general rule of working out a cats human age depends on the growth, development and life stage she is in.
If youre still wondering how old your healthy cat is, a rough equivalent of cat years to human years is calculated as 15 human years for cats that are 12 months and younger, then go up 9 years to work out kittys second birthday, and finally each cat year after two is an additional three or four human years.
Read Also: Why Does My Cat Move His Water Bowl
How Does The Cat Age Calculator Work
You simply need to enter the age of your cat into the Cat Age Calculator. Once you press the calculate button, you´ll see your cat´s age in human years straight away!
How Old Is My Cat A Vets Perspective
Because every animal matures at a different rate, even veterinarians have trouble knowing for certain how many years, months and days a cat has been on the planet. They can, however, make a very educated guess.
When Im giving someone an estimate on their cats age, I tend to start by looking at the teeth, Barrack said. Teeth can be strong indicators of a cats potential age, especially in younger animals. A kittens baby teeth will usually start to come in when they around three weeks old, with all 26 being present by the time they are around six weeks old. Ages between three to six months can be determined by the rate at which the baby teeth are falling out and their permanent replacements are coming in.
If veterinarians see a full set of adult teeth, they usually assume the cat is at least six months old, and if those teeth are clean and sharp, the cat is likely younger than two. After that, however, things can get murky. Beyond age two it becomes a lot harder to tell the cats age by its teeth, Mears said.
Beyond the physical exam, lab work on older kitties can help veterinarians pinpoint a patients age. Kidney issues may show up around age ten, and hyperthyroid indicators a year or two later, however Mears said that he has seen these in cats as young as six or as old as 22.
Also Check: References To Cats In The Bible
Why Is Understanding My Cats Age Important
Now that you know how to properly calculate your cats age into human years, you might be wondering: How long do cats live? What is the life expectancy of my cat?
Generally, cats are known to live longer than dogs they can live anywhere from 20 to 25 years. In fact, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, the oldest cat ever lived to be 38 years and 3 days old, which is 168 in human years!
Like dogs, however, once cats reach seven to 10 years old, they start to transition into their mature years. Knowing that theyve entered this life stage is important, so you can know how best to care for them. During this time from seven to 10 years old youll want to keep a closer eye on your cat for signs of aging, especially since older cats are more likely to develop diseases like cancer, arthritis, and heart, kidney, and liver disease.
How Many Years Are Cats Expected To Live
- 13 to 18 years is the average. The life expectancy of cats has significantly improved over the past few decades. Thanks to better nutrition and medical care. The average life expectancy of an indoor cat is 13 to 18 years. Some indoor cats even often reach the age of 20.
- Breed matters: The factor that plays the most important role is the breed of your cat. For example, Siamese and European Shorthair are believed to live the longest up to 20 years or above.
- Overweight cats and cats who dont do much exercise are likely to live somewhere closer to 13 years. A well-fed, exercised and with regular visits to the vet should live around 13 to 18 years.
- The oldest cat in the world lived to be 38. Creme Puff was born on 3 August, 1967, and lived for 38 years and three days. 38 cat years translates to an amazing 153 human years. According to the 2010 edition of Guinness World Records, she was the oldest cat ever recorded, when she died aged 38 years and 3 days. Also, a Burmese named Kataleena Lady lived to be 35 years old, and Grandpa, a Sphynx cat, died at 34 years old.
You May Like: How To Train A Kitten Not To Bite
Cat Age Chart: Calculate Your Cats Age In Human Years
Is kitty getting up there in her years? Are you a first-time cat owner that has Deep Thoughts like John Handey about how your cat is aging compared to humans?
Its important to know how your feline will age and mature. Like most pets, cats age much faster than humans likely viewing us the same way we viewed the ageless elves in Lord of the Rings. In its first year of life, a cat experiences infancy, adolescence and the initial stages of the teenage years discovering Queen for the first time and asking why you dont knock before entering their room. They then enter their golden girls years between ages 11 and 14.
Obvious changes including growing bigger in size can help you identify where your cat is age-wise. But, for many felines, aging is more internal rather than external.
Take a peek at our chart and find out if your feline friend is young enough that he should be starting grade school soon or old enough to have a mid-life crisis.
How Old Is My Cat in Cat Years?
|17 years||84 years|
A cats exact age is difficult to determine, especially if you havent known it its entire life. Your veterinarian should be able to help you get in the right ballpark, though.
How Long Can Cats Live How Long Do Cats Live On Average
Cats have an average life expectancy of 16 to 18 years, though some cats may live even longer. In fact, according to the Cornell Feline Health Center, many cats live to be 20 or 21.
Certain cat breeds are known to have notably long life expectancies while some are more susceptible to certain health issues than others. For instance, both Siamese and Savannah cats are said to have a life span as long as 20 years. Meanwhile, Ragdoll and Persian cats are both susceptible to Polycystic Kidney Disease .
According to the UC Davis Department of Veterinary Medicine, indoor cats are expected to live much longer than outdoor cats. This is largely because indoor cats face fewer hazards than cats who live outdoors. Outdoor cats are vulnerable to threats like predators, traffic, toxins, and diseases from other animals that indoor cats may never come into contact with. Keep outdoor cats safe with these tips.
Of course, nothing is ever guaranteed. Even indoor cats that are extremely well cared for may fall ill unexpectedly, while breeds that are highly prone to certain health afflictions may never be affected by them. As frustrating as it may be, thereâs just no way of knowing how long your cat will live.
Feeding your cat a balanced diet and ensuring they maintain a healthy body weight can help increase your catâs life expectancy and keep them agile and active well into old age.
Recommended Reading: How To Get Two Cats To Get Along
How To Make Your Cat Live Longer
Naturally, we all want our pets to live forever. While we canât promise this, there are simple things you can do to help ensure your cat lives a long and fruitful life.
Just as with humans, diet and exercise are a big part of your catâs longevity. They are also two of the few aspects you have control over.
Feeding your cat a high-quality, balanced diet will help them stay healthy and happy throughout each stage of their life. And keep in mind that as cats age, their dietary needs change. So speak to your vet about how to provide the best nutrition for your cat in their current life stage.
Moreover, physical activity is also essential for good feline health. You may decide to let your cat outside for this reason. In this case, a Tractive GPS cat tracker can be a lifesaver. The cat tracker not only shows you where your cat is at all times, but also allows you to see how much physical activity they get. These insights can help you notice any changes in your catâs habits, allowing you to swiftly address abnormal behavior and make any necessary lifestyle tweaks.
With these tips, youâll be able to determine your catâs age and provide them with everything they need to thrive during this stage in their life.
How Do I Calculate My Cats Age In Human Years
So, if youre asking How old is my cat in human years? the calculation is fairly simple. Compared to dogs, which have greater variation based on size and breed, the method to calculate a cats age is pretty standard.
According to the American Animal Hospital Association , these age guidelines have been created and agreed upon by the AAHA, the Feline Advisory Bureau , and the American Association of Feline Practitioners :
- The first year of a cats life is equal to approximately 15 human years.
- The second year of a cats life is equal to an additional nine years.
- After the second year of a cats life, each additional year is equal to about four human years.
So, how old is your cat in human years? You can use our cat age to human years chart below to find out!
You May Like: Is Thieves Cleaner Safe For Cats