How Do I Know When My Cat Is In Heat
Common behaviors of cats in heat include:
What Happens When Cats Go Into Heat
Heat cycles occur when a cat’s body is hormonally ready and receptive to becoming pregnant. During the cycle, your cat may be more vocal in the evening if she smells potential mates outside and wants to go out to them. Vahrenwald says she might also be more willing to have her rear end petted and may even rub it on her owners.
Some cats who are in heat will urinate more often or spray it onto vertical obstacles. This is because their pee contains hormones and pheromones that actually help attract male cats. Feline dating habits are weird, but effective. You might even see unfamiliar male cats start appearing in your yard.
Outside of the strange bathroom habits and the presence of tomcats, Vahrenwald says it might be hard to tell if your cat is in heat.
“It’s not super obvious,” Vahrenwald says.
Applying Eye Drops To Cats
The proper administration of eye medication is critical in helping your cat quickly recover from an eye injury or infection. Gently clean away any debris around your cat’s eyes with warm water and a washcloth. Hold the bottle using the thumb and index finger of your dominant hand with the tip pointed downwards. Use the last two fingers of the same hand to pull back the upper eyelid. Place your remaining fingers under the cat’s jaw to support the head. The lower eyelid will act as a pouch to receive the drops. DO NOT touch the eye’s surface with the applicator. Aiming for the center of the eye, squeeze the desired number of drops onto the eyeball.
For Pet Parents Of Male Cats
If you have a male cat, you may not be facing a litter of kittens in your home, but your kitty can still contribute to pet overpopulation if he manages to impregnate another cat. Even if your cat stays indoors, unneutered cats will try and occasionally succeed at escaping their home to find a mate.
So, even as a male cat owner, you have an important responsibility to consider when it comes to neutering your pet.
When During Her Heat Cycle Can My Cat Get Pregnant
Because cats are induced ovalators , a cat can get pregnant at any time during the days in which she is in heat.
For the eggs to be released , however, a female must mate three to four times during a 24-hour period.
Once ovulation is completed, the cat will go out of heat within a day or two.
As a female cat can mate with different tomcats during the time in which she is in heat, a litter of kittens may have several different fathers.
Cats are also indiscriminate when it comes to mating, which means that inbreeding can easily take place, with, for example, siblings mating with siblings.
This means that your cat can still get pregnant no matter what relation an unneutered male has to it.
Cats will continue to go through heat cycles their whole lives if they are not spayed. A cat with a lifespan of 15 years can give birth to up to 180 kittens during their lifetime!
What About Male Cats
Male cats dont have heats.
However, if unneutered, they reach sexual maturity around the same age as their female counterparts as early as four months, but usually closer to six months of age. When a male kitten reaches reproductive maturity, you may notice behavior changes such as urine marking, pungent-smelling urine, and attempts to get outside to find a mate.
What Happens During A Normal Cat Birth
Just before the birth, the female cat may become restless or meow or purr or pant She will clean around the birth passage and the teats. Its thought that she lays a trail of saliva for the kittens to follow to find a teat after theyre born. She will go through several different stages of labour . Each kitten is born in a sac of amniotic fluid that the mother licks and nibbles to free the kitten. She bites through the umbilical cord and eats the kittens placenta, and using her rough tongue she cleans the kitten and stimulates it to breathe. Most cats , will give birth without a problem and will need no human intervention.
How Long Is A Cat In Heat
Female cats that aren’t spayed seem to constantly sing loud love songs to potential mates. But feline heat cycles, or the period in which cats can become pregnant, are dormant in the short, dark days of late fall and winter, and return in full force with the arrival of longer days. If your cat has not been spayed, she can experience heat cycles from the earliest days of spring until Halloween. Here’s what you need to know about the seemingly endless feline heat cycle:
What triggers feline heat?
It’s no accident that during the warmer, brighter months of spring and summer we see a surge in pregnant cats. A cat comes into heat because of the decrease of a hormone called melatonin, which is secreted nightly by a gland in her brain. With the arrival of more daylight and shorter nights, melatonin production diminishes. This affects the hypothalamus, or the area of her brain that manages her heat cycle. The hypothalamus releases a reproductive hormone that travels to her pituitary gland, which in turn releases two more reproductive hormones that travel in her bloodstream to her ovaries where her eggs await fertilization.
How often do cats enter heat cycles?
The long and short of heat
I Have Been Told That Corticosteroids Can Cause Cushing’s Disease Why Is This
An excessive level of corticosteroids may cause Cushing’s disease. When a cat is on long-term, high doses of glucocorticoids, there is an increased risk that a condition called iatrogenic Cushing’s disease will develop. The clinical signs of Cushing’s disease include increased thirst and urination, an increase in UTI’s, skin/ear infections, a ‘pot-bellied’ appearance, thinning skin, and hair loss. In the treatment of some diseases, the risk of iatrogenic Cushing’s disease is unavoidable. To minimize this risk, corticosteroid doses are tapered down over time or several different drugs may be used in combination.
When Does A Female Cat Have Her First Estrus Cycle
Cats have their first estrous cycle when they reach puberty. The estrous cycle is better known as a cat’s heat cycle. On average, puberty, or sexual maturity, first occurs in cats at about six months of age, but this can vary slightly by time of year.
“The estrous cycle is better known as a cat’s heat cycle.”
Each cycle consists of several stages; the stage called estrus refers to when the female is sexually receptive, or in heat.
Part 2 Of 3:looking For Signs Of Pregnancy
How Can You Keep Your Cat From Going Into Heat
Clearly, some of these behaviors can be problematic for a pet parent. Not to mention that if your cat gets pregnant, youll have a whole other issue to tackle. So, the question is, how can you keep your cat from going into heat?
The only way to keep your cat from going into heat is to get them spayed. According to the ASPCA, you can spay kittens as early as eight weeks. Ideally, youll have them spayed before their first heat, which happens around five months.
Spaying will not only keep your cat from going into heat , but it can also support their long-term health. Spaying your cat before her first heat can help lower her risk for both uterine cancers and breast tumors, according to the ASPCA.
How Often Do Cats Go Into Heat
Since cats are seasonally polyestrous, they can have several cycles during their breeding season. Weve already mentioned that the breeding season varies depending on environmental factors such as the number of daylight hours and the outside temperature.
Cats typically cycle from January until late into the fall, at least in the Northern Hemisphere. Those that live indoors or in tropical regions can cycle all year long.
How To Know If A Cat Has Finished Giving Birth
As stated in the previous sections, there should not be more than an hour between the birth of each kitten. This means, in general, if two or more hours have lapsed since the last kitten was born and the mother doesn’t look like she is waiting for another one, we should be able to deduce that the labor has ended.
If you want to know how a cat behaves when the full litter is born, we need to look at her attitude. After all of the offspring are born, she will usually dedicate herself to them by licking them and checking that they feed correctly. If the cat is lying down or is still agitated, it is possible she is having trouble birthing a kitten. We once again emphasize the importance of calling a veterinarian in these circumstances. If you want some more specific information on what to look for in terms of birthing difficulties, we have this article on the 4 most common complications during a cat birth.
It is also important to note that usually cats will give birth to multiple kittens. However, it is also possible for a cat to only give birth to one, especially if the other fetuses haven’t survived for a particular reason.
If you want to read similar articles to How Long Does it Usually Take for a Cat to Give Birth?, we recommend you visit our Gestation category.
What Are The Clinical Signs Of Fvr Infection
The typical symptoms of FVR involve the nose, throat and eyes, and include sneezing, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis , excessive blinking, squinting and discharges from the eyes and nose that range from clear and watery to thick and purulent .
“The virus may also cause keratitis.”
The virus may also cause keratitis, or inflammation and infection of the cornea, leading to corneal ulcers . In chronic or severe infections, the keratitis can lead to corneal scarring or chronic ‘dry eye’ . See handout âKeratoconjunctivitis Sicca or Dry Eye in Catsâ for more information on this condition.
Other non-specific symptoms may include fever, lethargy, anorexia , and enlarged lymph nodes.
Part 3 Of 3:caring For A Pregnant Cat
Can Being In Heat Cause Health Problems
A common and serious health risk is called a pyometra, which is an infection that causes the uterus to fill with pus and bacteria, and can lead to a ruptured uterus, shock, and death.
Pyometras generally occur after several heat cycles with no mating , and they require an emergency spay surgery.
Signs to watch for include:
- Pus or other drainage from the vulva
If you notice any of these symptoms within a few weeks after a heat, your kitty needs an immediate veterinary visit.
Not all unspayed cats will develop a pyometra, but it is a risk that is easily avoided by spaying your cat.
Rabies In Cats Transmission To Humans
The disease is caused by viruses from the family Rhabdoviridae, affecting the central nervous system. The virus can spread and accumulate in large quantities on the salivary glands which result in the saliva produced to also be infected. This is why rabies is most commonly spread by the bite on an infected animal usually during an altercation. However, although less common, rabies can be spread by licking an open wound or scratching the mucus membranes in the mouth or eyes.
How Can This Disease Be Prevented
The standard core vaccines that are given to cats include a vaccine against feline viral rhinotracheitis. The FVR vaccine will not completely prevent an infection from occurring if your cat is exposed to the virus, but it will significantly reduce the severity of the infection and will shorten the length of the illness. Solid immunity to these viruses is not long term, and may be overcome by exposure to a high dose of virus. Therefore, the FVR vaccine needs to be boostered on a regular basis – your veterinarian will advise you on the recommended booster schedule for your individual cat, based on its lifestyle and risk of disease.
A cat that is a carrier of FVR may benefit from periodic boosters with the intranasal herpes and calicivirus vaccine , which may prevent reactivation of the virus, thus decreasing the likelihood of recurrent infection and of viral shedding.
Boarding facilities, humane societies, animal shelters, and cat shows are all places where susceptible cats can be readily exposed to these infectious diseases. If you plan on boarding or showing your cat, consult your veterinarian about the need for a booster vaccine at least two weeks before the planned event.
“The standard core vaccines that are given to cats include a vaccine against feline viral rhinotracheitis.”
If your cat has had an FVR infection, you should keep her indoors to prevent spread of this infection to other cats in your neighborhood.
Cat In Heat Signs & Symptoms
Be aware of the following cat in heat signs and symptoms that your cat might display if they are in heat. Your cat might:
- start making funny sounds
- assume the mating position
- urinate to mark territory
- loose appetite
So whether your unspayed cat is meowing, moaning, or crying, walking funny, rubbing up against you and furniture in your home, or taking extra special care of her lady parts, if your cat displays one or more of these signs, you most likely have a cat in heat on your hands. Now, lets take a look at feline periods and the heat cycle in cats.
Do Kittens Remember Enough About A Person To Hold A Grudge
Although kittens possess cognitive abilities, they rely significantly on their associative memories. They are still in the learning process and you may find that their behaviors are more repetitive than that of a full-grown cat. A kittens memory span lasts up to 16 hours and unless the experience was very horrible, they would not remember enough to hold a grudge against you. As the kitten grows older, then they will be able to store long-term memories, when this happens, the cat will be able to recall memories that may cause them to hold a grudge. One of my favorite memories of my moms pet cat Shadow confirms this belief.
My mother used to squirt water from a small bottle at Shadow to deter him from scratching the furniture. He would take off running when he saw her with the bottle in her hands. His punishment was 10 15 minutes outside. I would watch the clock, let him back inside. Shadow would go into a corner quietly afterward.
One day he was scratching the furniture, and my mom actually sprayed him with the water. She just bought a new couch, and she was really mad about him clawing it down. After getting squirted, Shadow was placed outside. When he came in, he looked a bit upset. He didnt go into the corner like he usually did. Instead, he sat in the hallway staring at my mom in the kitchen.
What Is Heat Like For Cats
While it’s logical to assume that a cat in heat will have the same physical symptoms as a woman having her period, the reality is very different. First, cats do not shed the lining of their uterus. So contrary to popular belief, heat should not involve vaginal bleeding. If your female cat is bleeding, contact your vet. Since human females shed the lining of their uterus every month, cramping, bloating, and related symptoms can be present. Cats do not experience cramps or other physical symptoms, despite their howling and need for attention during this time. Instead, a surge of hormones will make your cat extraordinarily eager to mate. She may rub against you, pace back and forth, and assume a mating position if you pet or stroke her. You may notice your cat loses her appetite during this period, as well, or she may lick her genitals often and mark her territory by spraying. She may also attempt to run out the door, escaping to find a mate. This is all normal behavior during heat.
Her Tail Tells A Tale
Your cat may stick her buttocks in the air and move her tail to one side, which is the mating position.
A cat in heat will require some extra work and attention from you. Plus, theres always the possibility of a female cat becoming pregnant and having kittens. If you dont want to breed your cat, you should have her spayed by your vet to avoid this cycle and the risk of an unwanted or unexpected litter.
How Long Will A Cat With Rabies Live
As we have already explained, rabies has no cure. For this reason, after a positive diagnosis, euthanasia is the most humane course of action. The dog will suffer greatly during the latter stages of this rapid, irreversible and fatal disease.
The life expectancy of a cat with rabies is relatively short. The period of the phases described above will vary in individuals. However, once the viral infection has reached the central nervous system and the manifestation of clinical symptoms has begun, the disease progresses rapidly. Death will occur in 7 to 10 days.
Usually, when a cat is suspected of being infected by rabies, it will be quarantined for at least 10 days. After the quarantine period, the cat will be assessed to achieve an accurate diagnosis. Cats may be given a rabies anti-serum if they have been bitten, but the accessibility of this serum is variable.
If you suspect your cat may be suffering from rabies or if they have been bitten by an animal you suspect is rabid, take them to the vet immediately. The cat will need to be isolated to ensure they do not contaminate other animals or people. Also, if you have been able to determine the carrier animal of the virus, you need to inform the correct animal services to prevent spread of the disease. Your vet should be able to advise who to contact.
If you want to read similar articles to How Long Will a Cat Live with Rabies?, we recommend you visit our Infectious diseases category.
How Is This Infection Diagnosed
Several different infectious agents can cause upper respiratory disease in cats , with subtle differences in examination findings between the different diseases. A presumptive diagnosis of feline viral rhinotracheitis is based primarily on a cat’s medical history and clinical signs combined with the findings on physical examination, particularly if the cat has evidence of a corneal infection. Corneal staining with fluorescein dye is often performed to look for any ulcers that may have developed. A Schirmer tear test to assess tear production may be supportive of a diagnosis of FVR, since decreased tear production has been associated with FVR conjunctivitis.
Specific identification of FVR virus particles may be made by collecting samples of cells and discharges from the nose, eyes, or back of the throat. Identification of feline herpesvirus DNA by polymerase chain reaction amplification is the most sensitive test available for diagnosing infection by FHV-1. Unfortunately, if the virus is in a latent state , diagnostic testing is usually not rewarding.
Does A Heat Cause Discomfort
Its hard for us to know everything that goes on in a cats mind and body, especially since kitties hide their pain well. However, its reasonable to imagine there may be some discomfort.
Additionally, there are mental and emotional aspects to consider. A cat in heat has a strong physiological desire to mate, so they may experience frustration each heat cycle where a mating does not occur.
How Long Can The Virus Live In The Environment
When saliva or other discharges from an infected cat contaminate the environment, the virus can survive in the material as long as it stays moist. Fortunately the secretions usually dry up in a fairly short period of time, and once the secretion dries up the virus will die. Viral particles that get onto hands or other skin surfaces usually remain infective for about half an hour, while contaminated items such as food or water bowls, kitty litter boxes, blankets, cleaning cloths, and cat toys will be infective as long as the secretions on them remain moist – under normal conditions, the secretions will dry up in a few hours.